Glossary of Terms: Promising Practices Guide and Partnership Data Report
CBPR Model Domains:
Provides grounding for collaboration on the priority health issue(s).
2. Partnership Processes:
The promising practices that promote equitable contributions from all stakeholders. These processes can be structural or relational.
* Commitment to Culture-Centeredness *
This term combines several Partnership Processes that shows the partners’ willingness to follow a set of partnership and community principles, and to support partners to have influence, voice and reflexivity that promote equal power in the partnership. With this commitment, the project or partnership can produce short-term outputs that integrate community and cultural knowledge into their research designs and interventions.
3. Intervention and Research
Concepts that relate to the science of intervention and research processes, including integration of cultural knowledge, empowerment, and community involvement in research; which contribute to short-term outputs of culture-centered interventions, partnership synergy and appropriate research and intervention designs.
4. Outcomes – Intermediate and Long-term
Includes intermediate system and capacity changes, i.e., new policy environments, sustainability of project and partnership, shared power relations in research, increased capacities; as well as long-term outcomes of community and social transformation, health and health equity.
Agency Capacity Outcomes (Intermediate Outcomes)
Strengthened skills of community and partner agencies to enhance their reputation, to utilize their expertise, and to affect public policy.
Bridging Social Capital (Partnership Processes)
The capacity to work across difference, but also includes academic team members sharing similar cultural, racial-ethnic, identity backgrounds to community partners.
CBPR Principles (Partnership Processes)
The degree to which academic and community partners agree with principles of engagement in terms of commitment to partners, partnership, and community well-being.
Community Involvement in Research (Intervention & Research)
Refers to the extent community members participate in all phases of the research.
Community Principles (Partnership Processes)
How individual team members feel the research project integrates community culture(s), history and understandings in research and intervention design and implementation.
Community Transformation (Outcomes) Means new health-oriented policies, services and programs; more financial support; and improved overall community environment. (in Promising Practices Guide only)
Conflict Management (Partnership Processes)
The ways community and academic partners interact, negotiate and manage conflicts, tensions and frictions that emerge in the partnered research. Can be formal and informal.
Control of Resources (Partnership Processes)
The extent of decision-making control among community and academic partners regarding personnel and resources.
Dialogue and Listening (Partnership Processes)
This relationship practice refers to the degree to which all partners listen and participate in dialogue with each other so that all opinions and knowledge are valued, and community members feel their voices are equally valued in helping the partnership to move forward.
Final Approval (Context)
A key component of stewardship and governance, or the extent of community authority over a project. Specifically, final approval means who approved participation in the research on behalf of the community.
Formal Written Agreements (Partnership Processes)
Existence of formal agreements between academic and community partners.
Future Policy Changes (Long-term Outcomes)
Refers to a partnership’s confidence that their efforts will lead to policy changes.
Future Research Integrated into Community (Long-term Outcomes)
Refers to a partnership’s ability to link research to community needs along with an improved ability of academic partners to integrate community perspectives into research design and methods.
Health (Long-term Outcomes)
Refers to a partnership’s assessment that its efforts will lead to improved health in the community, along with improved health behaviors of community members.
Influence/Voice (Partnership Processes)
The perception of how individual team members feel about their ability to contribute to decisions in the research team context.
Leadership (Partnership Processes)
A fundamental relationship engagement practice that honors knowledge and encourages participation from all partners, and supports development of community leaders as equal partners.
Leveraging History of Community Organizing (Context)
The partnership has the ability to build from community capacities and histories of advocacy to confront inequitable community conditions.
Participatory Decision Making
Decision making that takes all opinions into account, though there are multiple ways to achieve high levels of participation.
Partner Capacity Outcomes (Intermediate Outcomes)
Refers to individual members feeling an enhanced sense of expertise and skills, and the enhanced support they receive for more education.
Partnership Capacity (Context)
Capacity refers to the foundational resources and skills necessary for the partnership to achieve project goals.
Partnership Values (Partnership Processes)
Shared values and understandings of problems, mission, priorities, and strategies.
Partnership Synergy (Intervention & Research)
A short-term output of the partnership’s ability to develop shared goals and strategies, recognize challenges and needs, and work together effectively. It is influenced by the interaction between Context and the quality of Partnership Processes.
Percentage of Dollars Shared (Partnership Processes)
The percentage of overall project dollars allocated to community partners.
Reflexivity (Partnership Processes)
Reflexivity refers to team capacity to evaluate and reflect on their own partnership processes or order to seek continual improvement; and to recognize the challenges of addressing issues of equity, power, and privilege in their research processes.
Relationships (Partnership Processes)
Relationships in community engaged research reflect the ways partners cooperate and resolve conflict; the quality of dialogue, listening and participation among partners; the capacity of leadership to facilitate positive relationship processes; and trust among partners.
Resource Management (Partnership Processes)
Reflects partners’ perceptions of how effective the project is at using the partnership’s resources and time.
Respect (Partnership Processes)
Is demonstrated by how partners are perceived in their positions and rules, but also is a partnership relationship quality that develops over time.
Shared Power Relations in Research (Intermediate Outcomes)
Refers to the extent community members feel that power is shared equally in the research process.
Social Transformation (Long-term Outcomes)
Refers to a partnership’s ability to reinforce cultural identity or pride, experience broad social impacts, and produce a better overall community environment.
Sustainability – Project & Partnership (Intermediate Outcomes)
Refers to the extent partnership members are engaged regardless of funding and that the partnership evaluates funding opportunities strategically.
Trust (Partnership Processes)
Trust as a dynamic process rests on participation (showing up), effective communication, and commitment to common goals. Defined in two ways:
- People having confidence and ability to rely on each other; and
- A Typology of Trust: from trust deficit or neutral trust to evolving stages of trust that show increased trust among partners. (in Promising Practices Guide only).
A Likert scale is an ordered scale from which respondents choose one option that best aligns with their view. It is often used to measure respondents’ attitudes by asking the extent to which they agree or disagree with a particular question or statement. The Likert scale is a valuable and important part of survey research, which is commonly used in public health evaluation. (CDC Coffee Break, 2012)
Partnership Data Report (PDR)
The report that summarizes your data of your partners’ perceptions.
Promising Practices Guide (PPG)
The summary of analyses from two national studies (of 379 interviews and 8 case studies) of diverse federally-funded CBPR and community engaged research partnerships across the nation.